Pest control for fruit trees centers around discovering and implementing the types of eradication methods necessary for preservation of the trees. After finding and controlling thepests, it is important to determine the best types of measures to take in order to remove them. The two broad categories of common pests in northern Utah are diseases and insects.
Search and Destroy
One of the best methods of pest control is to catch the problem early through scouting, essentially inspecting all of the fruit trees on your property for pests. Experts recommend scouting at least every two weeks. You can also help determine whether the pests are disease- or insect-based by looking for certain indications. Leaves are great indicators of fruit tree health, and under magnification it is possible to see disease or insect damage. The fruit itself is the best sign of insect pest presence, due to the damage insects inflict.
Fruit tree disease is a common problem, and one of the most common diseases in Utah is called coryneum blight (shot-hole blight) which can infect peach, nectarine and apricot species. At the beginning of the disease, black spots appear and later turn into holes, hence the name. Management includes removing all infected parts of the tree and creating a barrier between irrigation water and tree leaves, as water provides a rich environment for the disease to spawn. Another common disease that affects apple — and on rare occasions, pear — trees is apple scab. The name is derived from the lesions found on infected apples and pears. Separating irrigation water from tree leaves is also helpful here, as is planting scab-resistant fruit tree species, if possible.
The codling moth is one of the most common fruit tree pest problems. These moths often attack crabapple and pear trees. The moths are persistent and able to reproduce up to three times per year, making them extremely difficult to remove completely. Eradicating the codling moth requires the timely application of insecticide sprays, due to their rapid reproduction throughout the year. The timing can change each year, depending on their reproductive cycles. Many other insects require the same treatment, and complete eradication is often difficult without the assistance of an expert.
In northern Utah, pest problems are all too common in fruit trees and other plantings. The solutions depend largely upon the type of pest infecting the tree and the severity of the infestation. Because the steps needed to resolve the problem are specific and in-depth, professional exterminator services may be your best option. If you are struggling with pest damage, contact the experts at All Green Pest Control & Lawn Care for all your lawn care and pest control needs.